Africa Tourist Guide
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Africa Wildlife

Africa is famous for its exotic wildlife and no other continent offers the same opportunities to see such diverse fauna.
No other continent matches the wealth of wildlife found in Africa covering the full climatic spectrum from intense heat to bitter cold. Its varied vegetation has given rise to a wide range of animals, including mammals, birds, reptiles, fish and insects. Among them are more than 40 species of primate, ranging from tiny bush babies to huge gorillas, a great variety of antelopes, gazelles and other hoofed animals and 70 species of carnivore. Bird life, too, is extraordinarily rich. More than 1,500 species live south of the Sahara. In addition Africa is inhabited by: the worlds fastest land animal the cheetah, the biggest bird the ostrich and the largest land animal the elephant.
African fauna includes 64 species of primates. Four species of Great Apes are endemic to Africa: both species of Gorilla (Western Gorilla and Eastern Gorilla) and both species of Chimpanzee (Common Chimpanzee and Bonobo).

African grasslands (Savannahs) sustain over 20 species of grazing animals from the giant sable antelope to the tiny pygmy antelope. The herds of plains game and their predators, including lions, are pursued by scavengers such as hyenas and vultures. Grassland birds include the guinea fowl and hornbills.

Africas wetlands are seething with wildlife, such as crocodiles, hippos, floodplain species such as leeches and fish including the Nile perch and tiger fish. The wetlands also provide stopping places for migratory birds flying south to winter in Africa.
The African deserts include the Sahara, the worlds largest desert and the deserts of the Horn of Africa, Kalahari and Namibia. Though the deserts seem barren, they are home to many animals such as bustards, sand grouse and the scimitar-horned Oryx.

Rainforests dominate western central Africa. The warm, wet environment is home to many animals. Herbivores such as gorillas feed on leaves. Fruit that falls from the canopy provides food for pigs and porcupines while animals such as tree pangolins forage in the trees.


The mountains of Ruwenzori in Central Africa, Kenya and Kilimanjaro have distinctive plants and animals. Rodents inhabit moorland while the scarlet-tufted malachite sunbird lives in close association with giant lobelias.

The endless plains of East Africa are also the setting for one of the world's greatest wildlife spectacle - the 1.5 million wildebeest migration. From the vast Serengeti plains to the champagne colored hills of Kenya's Masai Mara over 1.4 million wildebeest and 200,000 zebra and gazelle, relentlessly tracked by Africa's great predators, migrate in a clockwise fashion over 1,800 miles each year in search of rain ripened grass.

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