The size of Kenya is 582,600 sq. km. (224,900 sq. mi.) and its geography is marvelously varied. Much of the northeastern Kenya is a flat, bush covered plain, while the rest of the country consists of pristine beaches, scenic highlands and lake regions, the Great Rift Valley and the second highest mountain in Africa: Mount Kenya. The Kenyan Highlands comprises one of the most successful agricultural production regions in Africa. The total population of Kenya is around 40 million people.
The capital of Kenya is Nairobi. It has about 3 million inhabitants. Nairobi is not a prime tourist destination, but it has several tourist attractions. The most famous is the Nairobi National Park which is unique in being the only game reserve of this nature to border a capital city. Mombasa is with around 700,000 inhabitants the second largest city in Kenya. Mombasa lies on the Indian Ocean and has a major port and an international airport. The city is the center of the coastal tourism industry.
Kenya has some of the world's best game reserves, and Wildlife Safaris have been the main tourist attraction in Kenya for many years. The parks are famous for being able to see the "big five" and many other animals and birds. An unforgettable experience is to watch the annual wildebeest migration from Maasai Mara to the Serengeti, it is best done in a balloon safari.
Kenya is also a great destination for beach holidays and has some of the world's most beautiful beaches, located along the coastal regions by the Indian Ocean and Mombasa. Kenya has also become a preferred golf holiday destination, with many beautiful courses around the major urban areas.
Kenya has three international airports: Jomo Kenyatta International Airport (NBO) in Nairobi; Moi International Airport in Mombasa; and Eldoret International Airports (local flights only). Jomo Kenyatta is the primary arrival point for visitors flying into Kenya. There are excellent flight connections provided by Kenya Airways to major tourist destinations such as Mombasa, Kisumu and Malindi.
Kenya had an uncharacteristic bout of internal violence in January 2008 after a disputed presidential election. Things have now quieted down and the country is considered safe for travelers, but the situation remains somewhat on edge, so follow local news carefully.