The country's name comes from a combination of Tanganyika, which is the large mainland territory, and Zanzibar, the offshore archipelago. The total land area of Tanzania is 945,200 sq. km. (364,890 sq. mi.).
In the northeast Tanzania is mountainous, and it is where Mount Kilimanjaro, Africa's highest mountain, is located. To the north and west are Lake Victoria and Lake Tanganyika. Central Tanzania comprises a large plateau. The total population of Tanzania is around 40 million.
Tanzania is world famous for its wildlife safaris. In the northern parts of the country are found some of the most popular destinations for wildlife safaris in Tanzania. Among these are the Serengeti National Park, the Ngorongoro Crater, Lake Manyara National Park, the Arusha National Park, the Tarangiri National Park and the Kilimanjaro National Park.
The southern parts of Tanzania comprises of unexplored wilderness where walking safari, hiking and boat excursions are often combined with game drives. Popular destinations include the Selous Game Reserve along the Rufiji River, the Mikumi National Park, the Ruaha National Park and the Udzungwa Mountain. Western Tanzania includes the Katavi National Park, the Gombe Stream the Mahale Forest and the Ugalla Forest Reserve.
To the east, along the Indian Ocean, beautiful beaches, historical towns and the off shore islands of Zanzibar, Pemba and Mafi, which offer the ultimate beach holidays and resorts experience.
The coastal town, Dar es Salaam is the largest city in Tanzania, and also the country's richest city. Dar es Salaam has around 2.5 million inhabitants. Dodoma with about 325,000 inhabitants is the national capital in Tanzania since 1964. In 1996 Tanzania's National Assembly moved to Dodoma, but many government offices remain in the previous national capital, Dar es Salaam, which also remains the commercial capital.
The Julius Nyerere International Airport connects Dar es Salaam and Tanzania with other African countries, the Middle East, India as well as Europe.
Tanzania has a well developed tourist industry, with hotels, lodges and resorts to suit every budget. The infrastructure in Tanzania though lacks behind, and only the most popular areas have sealed main roads. Tanzania is considered a safe country to travel in, but of course one always has to be careful traveling in a unfamiliar country, especially if you travel on your own.